About text formats 1 Answer The abstract for a humanities or social sciences paper is generally unstructured, that is, it is not divided into specific sections, such as Introduction, Methods, Results, etc.
Click to email this to a friend Opens in new window Helen Kara responds to our previously published guide to writing abstracts and elaborates specifically on the differences for conference abstracts. She offers tips for writing an enticing abstract for conference organisers and an engaging conference presentation.
Written grammar is different from spoken grammar. Remember that conference organisers are trying to create as interesting and stimulating an event as they can, and variety is crucial.
I think there are some fundamental differences between the two. Article abstracts are presented to journal editors along with the article concerned. Conference abstracts are presented alone to conference organisers. This means that journal editors or peer reviewers can say e.
Articles are typically 4, words long. Conference presentation slots usually allow 20 minutes so, given that — for good listening comprehension — presenters should speak at around words per minute, a conference presentation should be around 2, words long.
Articles are written to be read from the page, while conference presentations are presented in person. Written grammar is different from spoken grammar, and there is nothing so tedious for a conference audience than the old-skool approach of reading your written presentation from the page.
Fewer people do this now — but still, too many. You need to engage your audience, and conference organisers will like to know how you intend to hold their interest. As a result, I have four useful tips to share with you about how to write a killer conference abstract.
First, your conference abstract is a sales tool: You need to make your abstract as fascinating and enticing as possible. And that means making it different. So take a little time to think through some key questions: What kinds of presentations is this conference most likely to attract?
How can you make yours different?
What are the fashionable areas in your field right now? Are you working in one of these areas? If so, how can you make your presentation different from others doing the same? If not, how can you make your presentation appealing?
There may be clues in the call for papers, so study this carefully. So we stated up front, in the call for papers, that we knew this was likely, and encouraged potential presenters to offer creative methods of planning research, reviewing literature, analysing data, writing research, and so on.
Even so, around three-quarters of the abstracts we received focused on data collection. This meant that each of those abstracts was less likely to be accepted than an abstract focusing on a different aspect of the research process, because we wanted to offer delegates a good balance of presentations.
We received quite a few abstracts addressing these, but again, in the interests of balance, were only likely to accept one at most in each area.
Second, write your abstract well. Unless your abstract is for a highly academic and theoretical conference, wear your learning lightly. Engaging concepts in plain English, with a sprinkling of references for context, is much more appealing to conference organisers wading through sheaves of abstracts than complicated sentences with lots of long words, definitions of terms, and several dozen references.
Conference organisers are not looking for evidence that you can do really clever writing save that for your article abstractsthey are looking for evidence that you can give an entertaining presentation.
I was surprised by how many potential presenters did this. Fourth, of course you need to tell conference organisers about your research: It will also help enormously if you can take a sentence or three to explain what you intend to include in the presentation itself.
I will then show a two-minute video which will illustrate both the process in action and some of the problems encountered. After that, again using slides, I will outline each of the problems and how we tackled them in practice.
So, to summarise, to maximise your chances of success when submitting conference abstracts: Make your abstract fascinating, enticing, and different.Best Abstract Examples.
Anytime students are required to write an APA style paper, they start googling for examples of abstract online. While some practical, real-life samples can prove pretty useful in your research, you still have to understand that even an amazing example abstract will be of no use if you do not understand why you need this section .
Sample Abstracts. Sample Physical and Life Sciences Abstract.
Sample Social Science Abstract. Drawing on government and NGO reports, as well as other documentary sources, this paper examines the nature of current efforts and the state of health care practices in Africa.
I review access to modern health care and factors . HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT: Tips and Samples Leah Carroll, Ph.D., Director, Office of Undergraduate Research An abstract is a short summary of your completed research. If done well, it makes the reader want to learn more about your research. History/social science: "Their War": The Perspective of the South Vietnamese Military in Their Own.
This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper. The opening paragraphs of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions about the logic of your argument, your writing style, the overall quality of your research, and, ultimately, the validity of your findings and conclusions.
Tips for Writing Conference Paper Abstracts. So you want to answer the Call for Papers? This is a general guide for crafting stand-out conference paper abstracts. It includes recommendations for the content and presentation of the abstract, as well as examples of the best abstracts submitted to the abstract selection committee for the.