Strengths of survey research include its cost effectiveness, generalizability, reliability, and versatility. Weaknesses of survey research include inflexibility and issues with validity. Exercises What are some ways that survey researchers might overcome the weaknesses of this method? Find an article reporting results from survey research remember how to use Sociological Abstracts?
By using lectures, a case study and discussion of presentations of the students own research proposals, I try to familiarize them with the contents of a research proposal for a quantitative study. In I developed a first draft of a format and I have been adapting that ever since. By publishing it here I hope that others students, researchers also can take advantage of it when writing their proposals.
The Introduction should contain the following sections: This is a concise description of the nature of the problem the discrepancy between what is and what should be and of the size, distribution and severity of the problem who is affected, where, since when, and what are the consequences.
Rationale for the study: A brief description of any solutions to the problem that have been tried in the past should be given, how well they have worked, and why further research is needed. Significance of the study: This is a description of the type of information expected to result from the project and a clarification of how this information will be used to help solve the problem contribution to existing knowledge.
Objectives of the study, including the general objective general aim or purpose of the study which is derived from the research topic and specific objectives which are based on your general objective.
You should list the specific objectives to be achieved at the end of the study. This can either be in the form of a statement to determine, to compare, … or a research question. In the case of analytical or experimental studies, hypotheses could be stated instead of specific objectives.
Hypotheses are propositions about relationships between variables or differences between groups that are tested. Define all the concepts in your title and objectives operationally, i.
Define the dependent variable, the independent variable s and if relevant, the confounding variables. The Literature Review can either be a separate section or be part of the problem statement. Use literature preferably journal articles from the country you are conducting your study in e.
South Africaother countries in the same continent e. Describe for each study when it was conducted or publishedwhere it was conducted, who the participants were number, gender, age etc. The Research methods section contains the following items: Select and explain the design of your study based on the research topic.
State whether it is an observational study or an intervention study. If it is an observational study, is it a descriptive study or an analytical study cross-sectional, case-control, cohort study.
In case of an intervention study describe, if relevant, the method of randomization and concealment of treatment allocation. A brief description of the geography of the area, e.
This all as far as this information is relevant to the problem being investigated. Study population and sampling: Define the study population e.
In the case of an intervention study, describe the interventions that the treatment and control groups receive.Counseling Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods (2nd Edition) (Merrill Counseling) 2nd Edition.
Areas of Study. The Psychology Department at UC Riverside is home to an active and award-winning faculty. For graduate training, the faculty are grouped into four areas, although there is much interdisciplinary work.
The Foundation is a non-profit organization that seeks to promote essential change in education and society through the cultivation of fairminded critical thinking--thinking which embodies intellectual empathy, intellectual humility, intellectual perseverance, intellectual integrity and intellectual responsibility.
Step'by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: quantitative research Michaei Coughian, Patricia Cronin, Frances Ryan Abstract When caring for patients it is essential that nurses are using the. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a self-report inventory behavioral screening questionnaire for children and adolescents ages 2 through 17 years old, developed by United Kingdom child psychiatrist Robert N.
caninariojana.com SDQ is available online and has been translated into more than 80 languages, including Spanish, Chinese, Russian, and Portuguese. What is the difference between quantitative and qualitative research?
In a nutshell, quantitative research generates numerical data or information that can be converted into numbers.