Behavior[ edit ] Norms running counter to the behaviors of the overarching society or culture may be transmitted and maintained within small subgroups of society. For example, Crandall noted that certain groups e. Social norms have a way of maintaining order and organizing groups. The cultural phenomenon that is the norm is the prescriber of acceptable behavior in specific instances.
Our first task is therefore to provide a clear definition of equality in the face of widespread misconceptions about its meaning as a political idea. Thus, to say e. Two non-identical objects are never completely equal; they are different at least in their spatiotemporal location.
Here usage might vary. In the case of descriptive use of equality, the common standard is itself descriptive, e.
A prescriptive use of equality is present when a prescriptive standard is applied, i. The standards grounding prescriptive assertions of equality contain at least two components. On the one hand, there is a descriptive component, since the assertions need to contain descriptive criteria, in order to identify those people to which the rule or norm applies.
The question of this identification — who belongs to which category? On the other hand, the comparative standards contain something normative — a moral or legal rule, in the example, the U. Such a rule constitutes the prescriptive component Westenchap.
Sociological and economic analyses of in- equality mainly pose the questions of how inequalities can be determined and measured and what their causes and effects are.
In contrast, social and political philosophy is in general concerned mainly with the following questions: Such is the case in this article as well. Equality essentially consists of a tripartite relation between two or several objects or persons and one or several qualities.
Two objects a and b are equal in a certain respect if, in that respect, they fall under the same general terminus. Every comparison presumes a tertium comparationis, a concrete attribute defining the respect in which the equality applies — equality thus referring to a common sharing of this comparison-determining attribute.
There is another source of diversity as well: As Temkinargues, various different standards might be used to measure inequality, with the respect in which people are compared remaining constant. The difference between a general concept and different specific conceptions Rawlsp.
Depending on which procedural principle one adopts, contrary answers are forthcoming.
Free human resource papers, essays, and research papers. - The four motivation theories are Biological theory, Psychosocial theory of motivation, Biopsychosocial, and Achievement theory. Everyone has their own motivation . What Does it Mean to Be Well Educated? And Other Essays on Standards, Grading, and Other Follies [Alfie Kohn] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Few writers ask us to question our fundamental assumptions about education as provocatively as Alfie Kohn. Time magazine has called him'perhaps the country's most .
Both equality and inequality are complex and multifaceted concepts Temkinchap. In any real historical context, it is clear that no single notion of equality can sweep the field. But they believe that there is also a common underlying strain of important moral concerns implicit in it Williams Performance Theory.
Performance Theory Performance theory is the broad idea that not only do we perform on stage, we perform the everyday life. With each situation we face, we must choose how to act accordingly. Performance theory questions why we perform the way we do in certain situations, and which factors affect those caninariojana.comd Schechner, a professor of performance studies has.
That seems different, though, because it requires rejecting one ideology/ingroup, namely Catholicism. It makes sense that people identifying as Catholic would resent that the Protestants found a way to weaken Catholicism, and apparently people who “took the soup” were ostracized.
The Case Against Grades By Alfie Kohn [This is a slightly expanded version of the published article.] “I remember the first time that a grading rubric was attached to . Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers.
You can view samples of our professional work here.. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.
Is anyone using recycled glass as base course in road projects? We are looking at crushing the glass and incorporating 15% in with the rock and use it as base course for roads.