Design motifs were based on architecture. Both women were fond of wearing grand apparel.
Trickle-Down Trickle Down Fashion theories and history essay oldest theory of distribution is the trickle-down theory described by Veblen in To function, this trickle-down movement depends upon a hierarchical society and a striving for upward mobility among the various social strata.
In this model, a style is first offered and adopted by people at the top strata of society and gradually becomes accepted by those lower in the strata Veblen; Simmel; Laver.
This distribution model assumes a social hierarchy in which people seek to identify with the affluent and those at the top seek both distinction and, eventually, distance from those socially below them.
Fashion is considered a vehicle of conspicuous consumption and upward mobility for those seeking to copy styles of dress.
Once the fashion is adopted by those below, the affluent reject that look for another. Trickle Across Proponents of the trickle-across theory claim that fashion moves horizontally between groups on similar social levels King; Robinson.
In the trickle-across model, there is little lag time between adoption from one group to another. Evidence for this theory occurs when designers show a look simultaneously at prices ranging from the high end to lower end ready-to-wear.
Robinson supports the trickle-across theory when he states that any social group takes its cue from contiguous groups in the social stratum. King cited reasons for this pattern of distribution, such as rapid mass communications, promotional efforts of manufacturers and retailers, and exposure of a look to all fashion leaders.
Trickle Up The trickle-up or bubble-up pattern is the newest of the fashion movement theories. In this theory the innovation is initiated from the street, so to speak, and adopted from lower income groups. The innovation eventually flows to upper-income groups; thus the movement is from the bottom up.
Examples of the trickle-up theory of fashion distribution include a very early proponent, Chanel, who believed fashion ideas originated from the streets and then were adopted by couture designers.
Many of the ideas she pursued were motivated by her perception of the needs of women for functional and comfortable dress. Another category of clothing, the T-shirt, initially worn by laborers as a functional and practical undergarment, has since been adopted universally as a casual outer garment and a message board.
Thus how a fashionable look permeates a given society depends upon its origins, what it looks like, the extent of its influence, and the motivations of those adopting the look. The source of the look may originate in the upper levels of a society, or the street, but regardless of origin, fashion requires an innovative, new look.
Product Innovation A new look may be the result of innovations in the products of dress, the way they are put together, or the type of behavior elicited by the manner of dressing. A fashionable look involves the form of clothing on the human body and its potential for meaning DeLong Meaning can derive from the product, but meaning can also develop from ways of wearing the product, or from the body itself Entwistle Fashionable dress embodies the latest aesthetic and what is defined as desirable at a given moment.
Lehmann describes fashion as a random creation that dies as an innovation is born. He views fashion as contradictory, both defining the ancient and contemporary by randomly quoting from the past as well as representing the present.
Robinson defines fashion as pursuing novelty for its own sake. Lipovetsky claims that determining factors in fashion are the quest for novelty and the excitement of aesthetic play, while Roche describes fashion as dynamic change. Variety of jean pocket details Though fashion implies continual change, certain products have persisted over long periods of time, such as blue jeans, which were made a staple of dressing in the United States in the twentieth century.
Though blue jeans are a recognizable form, there is the potential for great variety in the product details, including stone washing, dyeing, painting, tearing, and fraying. Blue jeans epitomize the growth of casual fashion and endure because they can change to resonate with the times.
The way products are combined can define a fashionable look. For example, the idea of buying "separates" to mix and match instead of buying complete ensembles has increased the separate purchases of jackets, trousers, shirts, or blouses.
The advent of the concept of separates coincided with the advent of the desired casual look. Mass production of sizes began to reflect a "one size fits all" model of fitting; more consumers could be fitted by choosing among the separate parts than would occur with the purchase of an ensemble with head-to-toe sizing requirements.
Acceptance of separates and the growth of leisure was accompanied by a profound change, reflecting the restructuring of consumer societies and an increase in non-work lifestyles Craik, p.Theories behind fashion suggest the context in which clothes are worn, the values of the group to which a person belongs and the image that an individual wishes to convey, all contribute to a person’s look.
For the purpose of this essay Fashion will be divided into three centuries, since not every era of clothing can be touched upon. The first era of fashion history includes BC- AD.
Near the beginning era fashion was relatively simple, since it was more about practical function than style. Fashion History Essay. Fashion History According to Sloan (), Fashion can be defined as the prevailing mode or customary style of clothing - Fashion History Essay introduction.
Fashion can reflect the surroundings of man, events that has happened, and the customs of the people who are wearing it. The Flow of Fashion. The distribution of fashion has been described as a movement, a flow, or trickle from one element of society to another.
The diffusion of influences from center to periphery may be conceived of in hierarchical or in horizontal terms, such as the trickle-down, trickle-across, or trickle-up theories. The ’s fashion was a period of liberation, change, and even more importantly a movement towards the modern era. Fashion in the ’s varied throughout the decade but one could see the noticeable change from the previous fashion statements and eras.
History of Fashion Essay - Fashion was culturally formed, and there is a close relationship between art and fashion. The first designer who had his label sewn into a garment he created was Charles Frederick Worth ().