The right to die with dignity - euthanasia Background 1. Voluntary euthanasia is the practice of ending life in a painless manner.
Dear Editor, The concept of Euthanasia has been a controversial topic since its inception. Euthanasia is defined as the hastening of death of a patient to prevent further sufferings.
Passive euthanasia refers to withholding or withdrawing treatment which is necessary for maintaining life. There are three types of active euthanasia, in relation to giving consent for euthanasia, namely voluntary euthanasia — at patient request, nonvoluntary — without patient consent, involuntary euthanasia — patient is not in a position to give consent.
Even though DNR is considered as passive euthanasia, it is practiced in most part of the world without much legal issues.
Factors which are responsible for decision making are classified into physical and psychological factors. Physical conditions that affect the quality of life in these patients are unbearable pain, nausea and vomiting, difficulty in swallowing, paralysis, incontinence, and breathlessness.
Psychological factors include depression, feeling a burden, fearing loss of control or dignity, or dislike of being dependent. Active involuntary euthanasia is illegal in almost all countries.
Practicing active voluntary euthanasia is illegal and considered as criminal homicide in most of the countries and will faces punishment up to imprisonment for 14 years.
While active involuntary euthanasia is legal in countries such as Netherland, Belgium, and Luxembourg, assisted suicide is legal in Switzerland and the United States of Oregon, Washington, and Montana.
In Belgium alone, there are cases of euthanasia practiced. The concept of death tourism or euthanasia tourism is slowly increasing in which patients who want to seek euthanasia or other assisted suicide services will travel to countries where it is legalized to avail those services.
Switzerland is known for death tourism, where every year patients primarily from British, German, and French travel there to end their lives.
This paper explored the medical ethics behind physician-assisted suicide stemming from the Death with Dignity act enacted Fair Use Policy; This essay has been submitted by a law student. and becomes more complex. Death, to some, is the merciful end of a long and tiring journey of medical problems. The right to die means that the. A right to die can become a felt obligation, particularly among bewildered persons tangled in the toils of medical technologies, or persons with meager family resources. ‘Euthanasia: Right to Die with Dignity’ Kalaivani Annadurai, Raja Danasekaran, and Geetha Mani Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu, India.
To conclude, strict standard guidelines should be formulated to practice euthanasia in countries where it is legalized, regulation of death tourism and other practices like mandatory reporting of all cases of euthanasia, consultation with psychiatrist, obtaining second opinion, improved hospice care have to be followed for standardization of euthanasia.
The ethics of euthanasia. Aust Med Stud J. Mar 6th, [Last accessed on Mar 17].
Legalizing euthanasia or assisted suicide: The illusion of safeguards and controls.The Right to die initiative is decided on a state by state basis. Physician-assisted suicide is defined as a physician providing either equipment or medication, or to inform the patient of the most available means, for the purpose of assisting the patient to end his or her own life.
The right to die simply means The right of a terminally ill person to refuse life-sustaining treatment. Oregon has passed a Death with Dignity Act which allows Physician assisted suicide if the patient is terminally ill. If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website.
A right to die can become a felt obligation, particularly among bewildered persons tangled in the toils of medical technologies, or persons with meager family resources.
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Mar 21, · Essay: The right to die. Ronald Sokol France — 'Every person shall have the right to die with dignity; this right shall include the right to choose the time of one's death and to receive.
Arguments Against the Legal Right to Die and Death With Dignity.