Create New If our concept of ideology remains the classic one in which the illusion is located in knowledge, then today's society must appear post-ideological: The fundamental level of ideology, however, is not of an illusion masking the real state of things but that of an unconscious fantasy structuring our social reality itself.
His early childhood was spent in ViennaAustria and Berlin, Germany. A clerical error at birth altered his surname from Hobsbaum to Hobsbawm. Inwhen Hobsbawm was 12, his father died, and he started contributing to his family's support by working as an au pair and English tutor.
Upon the death of their mother inhe and Nancy were adopted by their maternal aunt, Gretl, and paternal uncle, Sidney, who married and had a son named Peter.
They divorced in Julia is chief executive of Hobsbawm Media and Marketing and a visiting professor of public relations at the College of CommunicationUniversity of the Arts London. He became reader inprofessor between and and an emeritus professor of history in He was a Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, from to Inhe was appointed professor and in he became a Fellow of the British Academy.
He was, until his death, president of Birkbeck from and professor emeritus in the New School for Social Research in the Political Science Department.
As a Marxist historiographer he has focused on analysis of the " dual revolution " the political French Revolution and the British Industrial Revolution. He saw their effect as a driving force behind the predominant trend towards liberal capitalism today.
Another recurring theme in his work was social banditrywhich Hobsbawm placed in a social and historical context, thus countering the traditional view of it being a spontaneous and unpredictable form of primitive rebellion. Outside his academic historical writing, Hobsbawm wrote a regular column under the pseudonym Francis Newton, taken from the name of Billie Holiday 's communist trumpet player, Frankie Newton for the New Statesman as a jazz critic, and time to time over popular music such as with his "Beatles and before" article.
Marx and Marxism — He was a member of the Communist Party Historians Group from until its demise and subsequently president of its successor, the Socialist History Society until his death.
The Soviet invasion of Hungary in led most of its members to leave the British Communist Party — but Hobsbawm, unique among his notable colleagues, remained in the party.
He signed a historians' letter of protest against the Soviet invasion of Hungary and was strongly in favour of the Prague spring.
A third of the 30 reprints of Marxism Today's feature articles that appeared in The Guardian during the s were articles or interviews by or with Hobsbawm, making him by far the most popular of all contributors.
He developed contacts with Italian left-wing academics and intellectuals in the early s, which led to him encountering the work of Antonio Gramsciwhose writings were a key influence on Hobsbawm's work on the history of subaltern groupsemphasising their agency as well as structural factors.
Hobsbawm spoke favourably about PCI general secretary Enrico Berlinguer 's strategy of Historic Compromise in the s, seeking rapprochement with the Catholic Church and the Christian Democratsproviding passive support to the latter in government in order to bring the Communists into the political mainstream by accepting Italy's position as a member of NATOthus being able to build broader alliances and convince wider sections of society of its legitimacy as a potential governing force.
I think very few attempts have been made to build a system on the total assumption of social ownership and social management. At its peak the Soviet system tried it. And in the past 20 or 30 years, the capitalist system has also tried it. One of the worst things about the politics of the past 30 years is that the rich have forgotten to be afraid of the poor — of most of the people in the world.
Still, whatever assumptions are made, the number of direct and indirect victims must be measured in eight rather than seven digits. In these circumstances it does not much matter whether we opt for a "conservative" estimate nearer to ten than to twenty million or a larger figure: I add, without comment, that the total population of the USSR in was said to have been millions, or I have never tried to diminish the appalling things that happened in Russia, though the sheer extent of the massacres we didn't realiseNationalism: Theory, Ideology, History (Key Concepts) - Kindle edition by Anthony D.
Smith. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Nationalism: Theory, Ideology, History (Key Concepts). Culture, Ideology, and Politics has 3 ratings and 0 reviews: Published January 1st by Routledge & Kegan Paul Books, pages, Unknown Binding/5(3).
In , the historian Tony Judt summed up Hobsbawm's career thus: "Eric J. Hobsbawm was a brilliant historian in the great English tradition of narrative history. On everything he touched he wrote much better, had usually read much more, and had a broader and subtler understanding than his more fashionable emulators.
Monastic Matrix: A scholarly resource for the study of women's religious communities from to CE; Monastic Matrix is an ongoing collaborative effort by an international group of scholars of medieval history, religion, history of art, archaeology, religion, and other disciplines, as well as librarians and experts in computer technology.
We have moved! Sociological Research Online (SRO) is now published by the BSA and SAGE, and as of August this site will no longer be active. The journal homepage, latest updates, and all issues (including issue onwards) are available on the SAGE Journals caninariojana.com you are based outside of an academic institution, please contact the Editorial Office for information on free access to.
Few historians merit one Festschrift to mark their retirement. Eric Hobsbawm is different. This, the second such volume to appear, complements the recently-published tribute, Culture, Ideology and Politics edited by Raphael Samuel and Gareth Stedman Jones.