Identify five agents of socialization. Describe positive and negative aspects of the socialization these agents produce. Several institutional and other sources of socialization exist and are called agents of socialization. The first of these, the family, is certainly the most important agent of socialization for infants and young children.
An Introduction to Sociology. Socialization A girl named Genie was found in the United States in Genie's father had kept her locked in a room from the age of 20 months until age Genie was harnessed naked to an infant's potty seat and left alone for hours and days through the years.
When she was remembered at night, she was put to bed in a homemade straitjacket. There were no radios or televisions in the house, people spoke in hushed tones, and the only language Genie heard was an occasional obscenity from her father. He hated noise, and if Genie made any sound her father would growl at her like a dog or beat her with a stick.
As a result of her confinement, Genie could not walk and her eyes could not focus beyond the boundaries of her room.
She was malnourished, incontinent, and salivated constantly [Curtiss, ]. Despite all this, when the psychologist Susan Curtiss first met her, Genie was alert, curious, and intensely eager for human contact. When frightened or frustrated she would erupt into silent frenzies of rage--flailing about, scratching, spitting, throwing objects, but never uttering a sound.
Aside from not speaking, her lack of socialization was apparent in her behavior: She would urinate in unacceptable places, go up to someone in a store and take whatever she liked of theirs, and peer intently into the faces of strangers at close range.
Although Curtiss worked with her for several years, Genie never developed language abilities beyond those of a 4-year-old, and she ended up being placed in an institution. The story of Genie shows the importance of socialization in human society.
Socialization refers to preparing newcomers to become members of an existing group and to think, feel, and act in ways the group considers appropriate. Viewed from the group's point of view, it is a process of member replacement. Such widely diverse situations as child rearing, teaching someone a new game, orienting a new member of an organization, preparing someone who has been in sales work to become a manager, or acquainting an immigrant with the life and culture of a new society are all instances of socialization.
Socialization is a central process in social life. Its importance has been noted by sociologists for a long time, but their image of it has shifted over the last hundred years.
In the early years of American sociology, socialization was equated with civilization. The issue was one of taming fierce individualists so they would willingly cooperate with others on common endeavors.
An unruly human nature was assumed to exist prior to an individual's encounter with society. This nature had to be shaped to conform to socially acceptable ways of behaving.
As time went on, however, socialization came to be seen more and more as the end result-- that is, as internalization.Socialization Socialization is the process by which culture is learned; also called enculturation.
During socialization individuals internalize a culture's social controls, along . Social class impacts one’s level of political participation and political influence.
Political participation refers to whether or not a person votes in elections, donates to campaigns, or attends public forums where decisions are made, such as town meetings or city council meetings, for example. Class, Socialization, and Politics - Elections are at the core of the American political system.
They are the way we choose our government, the source of government authority, and a means by which the people can influence public policy. For most Americans, voting is the only form of political participation.
Political socialization is a lifelong process by which people form their ideas about politics and acquire political values. The family, educational system, peer groups, and the mass media all play a role.
Identify five agents of socialization. two of the most important of which are our parents’ social class and our own biological sex. Melvin Kohn (, ) found that working-class and middle-class parents tend to socialize their children very differently.
Chapter Politics and Government Power and Authority; Types of. Over forty years ago, pioneering political-socialization researcher Herbert Hyman proclaimed that “foremost among agencies of socialization into politics is the family” (Hyman, ). Hyman had good reason for making this assumption.