Larger homes often are termed residential facilities, as are campuses with homes located throughout a campus structure. Lakin of the University of Minnesota, a deinstitutionalization researcher, has indicated that a taxonomy of residential facilities for individuals with mental retardation includes program model, size and operator, and facilities also then vary by disability and age, among other primary characteristics. Prior residential facility classifications were described by Scheerenberger until the modern day classification by David Braddock on a state-by-state basis which includes individuals in residential settings of six or fewer, one categorical group. Some group homes were funded as transitional homes to prepare for independent living in an apartment or return to family or marriage and employmentand others were viewed as permanent community homes.
Abstract Recently, various bio-psycho-social factors have been identified in relation to quality of life for people with mental illness, but the role of spiritual factor on it has been relatively neglected.
This study aims at exploring the positive effect of spirituality on quality of life for people with severe mental illness. As spirituality has positive effects on quality of life for people with severe mental illness, mental health professionals should further explore effective spiritual interventions in enhancing quality of life for our service users.
Spirituality, Quality of Life, Mental Illness Introduction In mental health service, interest in quality of life is stimulated by de-institutionalization movement. In the past few decades, people with severe mental illness are consistently found to have a lower quality of life than the general population without mental illness in n Western and Chinese societies e.
Also, the quality of life of people with severe mental illness is found lower than people with common mental disorders Evans, Recently, researchers have tried to identify those factors leading to better quality of life for people with severe mental illness.
Other researchers have tried to identify psycho-social factors influencing quality of life for people with mental illness. Quality of life is found related to: Moreover, objective life conditions in living environment, family relationships, social relationships, vocational status, safety, leisure and financial, etc are related to quality of life Evans, ; Lehman et al.
While above studies focus on exploring the bio-psycho-social factors influencing quality of life, few studies explore the role of spirituality in enhancing quality of life for people with severe mental illness.
Systematic reviews of research literature have consistently reported that spiritual and religious involvement contribute to desirable mental outcomes, such as: However, most of these research findings come primarily from studies of healthy, community-dwelling persons, persons who are elderly, persons with medical illness, or various ethnic groups Koenig et al.
Recently, two large-scale surveys have been done in this area. Similarly, in another survey of 1, people with mental illness involved in clubhouse and consumer drop-in centers in the United States, Bellamy and colleagues reported that spirituality was related to overall quality of life.
Although these two studies contribute to our understanding of the role of spirituality in the lives of persons with mental illness, they have methodological constraints that limit generalization of research results.
For example, in the study done by Bellamy et al. In the study done by Corrigan et al. It is, therefore, important to provide clear conceptualizations and measurement of spirituality and further clarify what type of spiritual involvement is associated with what kind of mental health variables under what conditions and for whom Thoresen et al.
This study attempts to explore the positive effects of spirituality on quality of life for people with severe mental illness. Definition Issues Defining Spirituality It is now commonly accepted among researchers that spirituality is conceptually different from religion and that spirituality is regarded as a broader concept than religion.
However, within mental health professionals, a variety of definition of spirituality has been emerged, and there is no commonly accepted definition of spirituality Burke, Research Method Research Design and Data Collection The study sample was drawn from a population of mental health service users who had contacted with two community-based psychiatric rehabilitation projects in Hong Kong; and have Christen spirituality.
The first project provided spiritual group and fellowship for people with mental illness and Christian belief. The first project consisted of about members, although each spiritual group consists of about 15 members. Each group organized various educational talk, pray, sharing, mutual support, volunteer services, recreational activities for their group members.
The other project was an integrated rehabilitation centre providing vocational training and halfway house for people with severe mental illness. This second project involved about mental heath users. The agencies of these two projects had allowed the researcher to conduct this research study, and were willing to provide assistance in the research process.
To be eligible to participate in the current study, service users had to be assessed by project mental health professionals as being mentally stable and having Christian belief. Service users meeting these criteria were then contacted individually and invited to participate in the study by project mental health professionals who explained the aims of the study and the purpose of data collection.
This process resulted in a studied sample of respondents who indicated interest in the study and gave their written consent to participate in this research. Participants completed self-administered questionnaires designed to assess spirituality and quality of life described below.
Also, participants provided their basic demographic information, including: If necessary, project mental health professionals would provide this information for participants on their request and consensus. Data collection began in March, and was completed in August, It consists of 16 items.
The first 15 items are scored using a modified Likert scale, with 6 represents many times a day and 1 represents never or almost never.The Biopsychosocial Approach The biopsychosocial approach was to disease, the biopsychosocial approach in our training programs emphasize the importance of understanding human health and illness in their fullest contexts.
The biopsychosocial approach Borrell-Carrió F, Suchman AL, Epstein RM: The biopsychosocial model 25 . The Biopsychosocial Perspective to Mental Health and Illness. Published.
5 years ago. on. /07/ By. Julia Cardoso.
The biological influences on mental health and mental illness are varied, and include genetics, infections, there are issues with the biopsychosocial model.
Comprehensive Reviews Child Maltreatment and Psychosis: A Return to a Genuinely Integrated Bio-Psycho-Social Model 1 Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand 2 Temple University School of Medicine, U.S.A.
; past President, American Psychiatric Association. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. The medical model has been the predominant approach used by physicians in diagnosing and management of diseases and illness in most Western countries.
The biomedical model of illness and healing focuses on purely biological factors, and excludes psychological, environmental, and social influences.
Oct 15, · The biopsychosocial model is a method of understanding health and illness through biological, psychological, and social factors. The principle of the biopsychosocial model states that all issues relating to health are products of a complex interplay of these three factors.