Perhaps the most influential integrative theory of personality is that of psychoanalysis, which was largely promulgated during the first four decades of the 20th century by the Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud.
On Freud Psychoanalysis was given birth by Sigmund Freud at the turn of the century. Freud conceptualized the mind, metaphorically, as an ancient, buried ruin which had to been unearthed much like an archeologist would unearth the treasures of an ancient civilization.
Sigmund Freud. Considered the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud () revolutionizes the study of dreams with his work The Interpretation Of Dreams. Freud begins to analyze dreams in order to understand aspects of personality as they relate to pathology. Freud's detailed interpretation of the dream is a hands-on demonstration of his unique methodology, and he concludes his analysis by arguing that his Dream of Irma's Injection fulfilled an unconscious wish. Sigmund Freud's Method and Theory of Dream Analysis Essay Words | 5 Pages. paper to get a better understanding of Sigmund Freud’s method and theory of dream analysis.
In fact, this tension between understanding and explanation can be said to be a tension which exists, whether acknowledged or not, in all of the human sciences see, for example, Dilthey.
This technique involved placing the patient in a hypnotic trance and removing the symptoms through the use of posthypnotic suggestion. When the patient, through talking, followed associations in her memory, she was able to recover the forgotten event, which led to the cure.
Freud eventually gave up the process of using hypnotism for the use of a technique he came to call "free association," in which the patient was encouraged to put aside all inhibitions and follow her associations, which would eventually, even without hypnosis, lead to the recovery of unconscious memory.
Initially theoretical formulations led to the topographic model of the psyche, which Freud categorized into three different subsections: Freud also came to acknowledge that unconscious events are traceable in other phenomena, as well, including dreams, slips of the tongue, and in jokes.
From his work with patients, Freud was eventually led to develop a more and more sophisticated theory of the human psyche which became increasingly understood according to a developmental model. Freud, by observing his patients, found that many of the memories uncovered by his patients were sexual in nature and reverted back to early childhood memories.
From these observations, Freud developed his controversial theory of childhood sexuality. Freud eventually justified these observations with a generalized theory of an instinctual drive, which became the foundation for his theory.
At first, Freud felt that such instincts were largely sexual in nature. Later, he conceded that instincts also involved aggressive drives, as well as sexual drives. The particular organization of these conflicts depends on how the child has negotiated the earlier psychosexual stages.
Freud felt that the Oedipus complex is ultimately resolved, at least for males, by "castration anxiety. From this resolution of the conflict, the child develops an "ideal" self based on the internalization of parental values. Thus, the "ego" is governed by the "reality principle," which must use various defenses to negotiate between the unrealistic motives of the "superego" "ego ideal" and the "id," governed by the "pleasure principle.
As mentioned previously, Freud was very protective of his theory, and he entered into conflicts with various colleagues who offered alternative theoretical perspectives, including Alfred AdlerCarl JungOtto Rankand Sandor Ferenczi."sexual theory," and the analysis of the more complicated forms of the psychoneuroses was still in its infancy.
The interpretation of dreams was intended as an expedient to facilitate the psychological analysis of the neuroses; but since then a profounder understanding of the neuroses has contributed towards the comprehension of the dream.
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This is a reproduction of a book published before This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages. Sigmund Freud (/ f r ɔɪ d / FROYD; German: [ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May – 23 September ) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst..
Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian. SIGMUND FREUD "When you think of this dividing up of the personality into ego, super-ego and id, you must not imagine sharp dividing lines such as are artificially drawn in the field of political geography.
In March, , in a foreword to the third English edition of The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud expressed the opinion that the volume contained the most valuable of all the discoveries.
Introduction to Freud’s Theory on Dreams – This helpful web page offers readers an introduction into some of Sigmund Freud’s work with dreams. Online Books Page – Web page from the University of Pennsylvania which lists online versions of the works of Freud.