An analysis of jeffrey a roths perspectives on firearms and violence

Page ix Share Cite Suggested Citation: The National Academies Press. The report of the Committee on Improving Research Information and Data on Firearms was not intended to, nor does it reach any conclusions about the issue of gun control. Rather, we have addressed what empirical research tells about the role of firearms in violence.

An analysis of jeffrey a roths perspectives on firearms and violence

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Abstract Violence is not a single kind of activity, but rather a socially defined category of activities that share some common features.

This article presents a social perspective on violence that calls attention to the meanings of violence and to other social factors that promote and support or, alternatively, oppose and restrict violence.

An analysis of jeffrey a roths perspectives on firearms and violence

Implications for prevention and intervention are examined. Electronic mail may be sent via Internet to blume oakland.

An analysis of jeffrey a roths perspectives on firearms and violence

Violence is a social phenomenon. For an action to be considered violent, it needs a victim or a group of victims. The interpersonal nature of violence seems to call for explanations or understandings that also are interpersonal.

Rather than look inside the perpetrator for the causes of violence, social perspectives look in the social situation for factors that may explain why violence is not universal but instead varies in frequency and intensity.

The social question is not, "Why does violence occur?


Rather, this review is intended to help prevent violence by contributing to the understandings of the social influences contributing to violence. Social Realities People's individual experiences become social as they are shared.

Individuals can be in the same place or be exposed to the same events electronically, or they can use a symbolic means to communicate their experiences to others.

It is the combined experiences of many individuals, shared in these ways, that makes up a culture, a society, or a family. Within cultures, societies, and families, shared experiences are organized into categories of events referred to variously as concepts, constructs, and schemas.

The social construction of reality occurs naturally at an informal level. An older person is jostled by a group of young people, returns to his or her peers, and talks about how and where it occurred, about who was present and how the bystanders responded, and about the characteristics of the assailants, etc.

As such accounts are shared, a social group builds a model of common experience in which the personal experience becomes universal and members of the group see each other and their social world in similar ways. It is not only the "victim" who participates in constructing such accounts; the "aggressor" as well relives the experience with others who see the event in similar ways e.

In many cases, the account works to justify further or increased violence Staub, In the formal process of theory-building, scholars also attempt to understand and to explain social phenomena. Scholars are expected to recognize the limitations of their shared experience, rather than to generalize their conclusions to all people and all situations.

Scholars are also expected to be careful and methodical about their ways of gathering and handling information. Theorists may organize events sequentially, looking at the causal factors and consequences of violence, or they may organize events into abstractions—such as levels of violence or forces acting on individuals to create violence.

As opposed to popular accounts, formal theories are supposed to undergo a rigorous examination to determine their validity their faithfulness to the data and their usefulness.

Quite different theories may each be useful in different ways, and each may also be valid as it describes a part of the whole experience. Some social theorists have attempted to create "metatheories" that incorporate and reconcile a number of more limited, specific theories.

The social approach to violence includes both formal and informal understandings.national background check system for gun buyers (through the Brady Act), reforms of the licensing system for firearms dealers, a ban on juvenile handgun possession, and Project Safe Neighborhoods, a collaborative effort between U.S.

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Attorneys and local authorities to attack local gun crime problems and enhance punishment for gun offenders. [caption id="attachment_" align="aligncenter" width=""] Presenter Michael Dorgan in Cameroon. Photo courtesy of Go Forth Films.[/caption] Most of the. 分类号 译名 书名 副书名 丛书名 主题词 币制 价格 装帧 出版日期 作者 编者 出版社 版别 页数 语种 读者对象 简介 书评.

An analysis of jeffrey a roths perspectives on firearms and violence Published March 30, | By A complete systems analysis of violence Gender and interpersonal violence.

Social Realities

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