Methamphetamine History of Use in the United States s: In the 17th century, the production of hemp-a variety of the cannabis plant-was highly encouraged to make clothing, rope, and sails. Inthe Virginia Assembly passed legislation requiring that all farmers grow hemp. Some states even traded hemp as legal tender.
History of Marijuana Early Marijuana Use Marijuana has been used as an agent for achieving euphoria since ancient times; it was described in a Chinese medical reference traditionally considered to date from B.
The first direct reference to a cannabis product as a psychoactive agent dates from BC, in the writings of the Chinese emperor Shen Nung. The focus was on its powers as a medication for rheumatism, gout, malaria, and oddly enough, absent-mindedness.
Mention was made of the intoxicating properties, but the medicinal value was considered more important. In India, though it was clearly used recreationally. The Muslims too used it recreationally for alcohol consumption was banned by the Koran.
It was the Muslims who introduced hashish, whose popularity spread quickly throughout 12th century Persia Iran and North Africa. The English introduced it in Jamestown in where it became a major commercial crop alongside tobacco and was grown as a source of fiber.
Byhemp had been replaced by cotton as a major cash crop in southern states. Some patent medicines during this era contained marijuana, but it was a small percentage compared to the number containing opium or cocaine.
Some historians say its emergence was brought about by Prohibition. Its recreational use was restricted to jazz musicians and people in show business. Marijuana clubs, called tea pads, sprang up in every major city. These marijuana establishments were tolerated by the authorities because marijuana was not illegal and patrons showed no evidence of making a nuisance of themselves or disturbing the community.
Marijuana was not considered a social threat. Marijuana was listed in the United States Pharmacopeia from until and was prescribed for various conditions including labor pains, nausea, and rheumatism. Its use as an intoxicant was also commonplace from the s to the s.
A campaign conducted in the s by the U. Federal Bureau of Narcotics now the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs sought to portray marijuana as a powerful, addicting substance that would lead users into narcotics addiction.
Most marijuana at that time came from Mexico, but in the Mexican government agreed to eradicate the crop by spraying it with the herbicide paraquat, raising fears of toxic side effects.
Colombia then became the main supplier. Beginning in the Drug Enforcement Administration turned increased attention to marijuana farms in the United States, and there was a shift to the indoor growing of plants specially developed for small size and high yield.
After over a decade of decreasing use, marijuana smoking began an upward trend once more in the early s, especially among teenagers.Marijuana has been legal in many regions of the world for most of its history. Where did pot come from? It is important to distinguish between the two familiar subspecies of the cannabis plant, Warf said.
Cannabis sativa, known as marijuana, has psychoactive properties. The other plant is Cannabis sativa L. In , California voters approved Proposition , the first legislation legalizing marijuana for medical purposes at the state level. Since then, 22 other states, along with he District of.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.
The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids. Marijuana (Weed) History and Facts Published by The Editors People around the world have been smoking marijuana for thousands of years while also using the hemp plant for everything from fabric and rope to ethanol fuel.
Aug 17, · Marijuana use is a hot topic, with many states having already legalized the drug for medical and/or recreational use and other states pushing for similar legalization.
Marijuana has been controversial in the United States for decades. But for a significant portion of . The speed with which Americans are now considering legalizing marijuana has taken everyone by surprise.
But in the midst of this shift in public opinion and state law it is worth remembering the speed with which marijuana was made illegal.
This month Stephen Siff looks at how political and racial.