It was the differences of timing, Church, private and crown involvement, treatment of indigenous and African slaves, and the construction of race that shaped the organization of these two colonial societies in North and South America.
Spanish American wars of independence Spanish colonialization in the Americas. The Libertadores Spanish and Portuguese for "Liberators" were the principal leaders of the Spanish American wars of independence. They were predominantly criollos Americas-born people of European ancestry, mostly Spanish or Portuguesebourgeois and influenced by liberalism and in some cases with military training in the mother country.
In the first declarations of independence from Spanish rule occurred in the Viceroyalty of New Granada. In Mexico declared independence, with the Mexican War of Independence following for over a decade.
The Plan of Iguala was part of the peace treaty to establish a constitutional foundation for an independent Mexico. The ideas from the French and the American Revolution influenced the efforts. All of the colonies, except Cuba and Puerto Rico, attained independence by the s. The British Empire offered support, wanting to end the Spanish monopoly on trade with its colonies in the Americas.
Spanish possession and rule of its remaining colonies in the Americas ended in that year with its sovereignty transferred to the United States. Puerto Rico continues to be a possession of the United States, now officially continues as a self-governing unincorporated territory.
Demographic impact[ edit ] It has been estimated that over 1. In Peru the indigenous Amerindian pre-contact population of around 6. Of the history of the indigenous population of CaliforniaSherburne F.
Cook — was the most painstakingly careful researcher. From decades of research he made estimates for the pre-contact population and the history of demographic decline during the Spanish and post-Spanish periods.
According to Cook, the indigenous Californian population at first contact, inwas aboutand had dropped to 25, by The vast majority of the decline happened after the Spanish period, during the Mexican and US periods of Californian history —with the most dramatic collapseto 25, occurring in the US period —Comparison of Spanish and British Colonization Spanish Theologian and Historian Bartolome de las Casas In a paper consisting of 6 pages de las Casas' involvement in the Americas' Spanish colonization is examined along with his crusad.
cially in their wars against the British. Spanish Colonies Crown-sponsored conquests gained rich-es for Spain and expanded its empire. Most of the southern and southwestern regions claimed, as well as sections of the California coast.
Settlements include St. Augustine, Florida (); Santa Fe, New Mexico (); and numerous cities in . The British Empire offered support, wanting to end the Spanish monopoly on trade with its colonies in the Americas.
In , the United States achieved victory in the Spanish–American War with Spain, ending the Spanish colonial era.
Taking a Look at the Spanish American War - The idea of war was mainly spread with the rapidly growing journalism industry of the ’s, and journalists used the concept of war and problems with Spain as a source for information, articles, and comics to sell more papers.
COLONIZATION AND SETTLEMENT (–) English, French, and Spanish Colonies: A Comparison © Media Projects Incorporated Published by Facts on File Inc. James Monroe: James Monroe, fifth president of the United States (–25), who issued an important contribution to U.S.
foreign policy in the Monroe Doctrine.